|Beethoven: chronological landmarks|
|1770||December 16th (uncertain): Born at Bonn
December 17th: Baptised at Bonn
Certificate of Baptism of Ludwig van Beethoven...
April 8th: Baptism of his brother Caspar Anton Carl
October 2nd: Baptism of his brother Nikolaus Johann
|1778||March 26th: Ludwig's first known public performance, at Cologne|
|1779||February 23rd: Baptism of his sister Anna Maria Franziska (died four days later)
Octobre: Neefe pursues Ludwig's musical training
|1781||January 17th: Baptism of his brother Franz Georg (died two years later)|
|1782||Publication of his first work (the Dressler Variations)|
|1783||October 14th: Publication of three sonatas and other works|
June: Ludwig is appointed organist to the Choir of Maximilian Franz. He is 14 year old.
Museum of Bonn - The piano...
|1786||May 5th: Baptism of his sister Maria Margaretha (died one year later)|
Visited Vienna, studied with Mozart
Played for four seasons as violinist at the Opera of Bonn
|1791||December 5th: death of Mozart|
|1792||November 2nd: left for Vienna
November 10th: arrived at Vienna
Musical studies with Haydn
December 18th: death of his father
|1794||May: his brother Carl arrives at Vienna
January 19th: Haydn returns to London. Ludwig studies with Albrechtsberger
Composition of his first major work: Trios for Piano (opus 1)
March 29th: first public appearance at Vienna; he played his own works
Numerous compositions and a concert given at Prague
|1797||Probably the year of a serious illness which was the trigger of his deafness|
Composition and publication of works
|1799||Instruction by Salieri
Began composing the first symphony
Concert at Vienna, playing of his first symphony
February: finshed his second symphony
|1803||January: Ludwig became the composer of the Theatre of Vienna, where he lived with his brother Carl
June-October: composed the Eroica symphony
August 6th: the piano maker Sébastien Erard sent him a new piano, as a present. This allowed for bigger intervals - like the pianos we have today.
|1804||April: his contract with the theatre finishes|
April 7th: first public performance of the Eroica symphony
|1806||May 25th: marriage of his brother Caspar Carl
Journey with the Prince Lichnowsky, and composition of the fourth symphony
|1807||Composition of the Coriolan Overture
March: first performance of the fourth symphony
Autumn: composition of the fifth symphony
Spring-Summer: Composition of the sixth symphony - The Pastoral
|1809||April 9th: war is declared against France
May 10th: French army surrounds Vienna
May 11th-12th: France takes possession of Vienna
Beethoven teaches music to Archduke Rudolphe
|1810||April 27th: Beethoven presents 'The Letter for Elise' to Thérèse Malfatti|
|1811||October: Beethoven begins writing the seventh symphony|
March 2nd: presentation of 'To the Beloved' to Antonie Brentano
|1813||December 8th: first public presentation of the eighth symphony|
|1814||February 27th: playing of the eighth symphony
May 23rd: first presentation of Fidelio
|1815||November 15th: Ludwig's brother, Carl, dies. After several court cases, Ludwig is given gardianship of his nephew.|
|1816||October: Beethoven becomes ill|
|Beginning of the year: Beethoven is still ill
September 10th: writing of the first bars of the ninth symphony
|1818||February 14th: Beethoven and Salieri recommend the metronome in the Viennese press.
February: Beethoven's deafness is such that he has to use a notebook and pencil to converse with visitors.
December 3rd: Karl runs away to his mother's, but Beethoven demands that the police bring him back.
|1819||January 11th: the guardianship of Karl is taken away from Beethoven on grounds of his deafness.
November: composition of 'Missa Solemnis'
|1820||April 8th: Beethoven becomes again Karl's tutor, with Karl Peters.|
|1821||January and the following months: Beethoven becomes regularly ill|
|1822||October: pursues the composition of the ninth symphony and the beginnings of the tenth|
|1823||March 6th: Beethoven names Karl as his heir
Works on the ninth symphony
|1824||Works on the tenth symphony (only the first movement was written in detail)
February: finished writing the ninth symphony
May 7th: public playing of the ninth symphony
|1825||May 7th-October 15th: Beethoven installs himself at Baden|
|1826||August 6th: Karl attempts suicide by shooting himself in the head. He's only injured.
December: Beethoven's health starts to decline. He undergoes an operation.
He undergoes three further operations in the first two months of the year...
March 26th: Ludwig van Beethoven dies, probably at 5:45 pm.
This chronology was inspired by the works of Barry Cooper.
thanks to Hannah SALTER for her translation
of this page from French into English
© Dominique PREVOT